Professor Sarah Bracking
Sarah is the Research Director of LCSV and the Lead-Investigator on the Human, non-human and environmental value systems: an impossible frontier? project. She is a Professor of International Development at the Institute of Development Policy and Management at the University of Manchester, where she teaches Politics and Development and the Political Economy of Development, particularly with reference to southern African states.
Sarah attended York University in the UK (BA Hons Politics), then Leeds University (MA, International Resources and Development; PhD on Structural Adjustment, Business and the State in Zimbabwe 1991-7). She then worked as a Research Fellow at the Centre for Democratisation Studies at Leeds University, principally on the International IDEA State of Democracy Project. She is editor of Corruption and Development (Palgrave, 2007) and author of Money and Power (Pluto, 2009) which is about development finance institutions and the construction of power in African markets. She was recently invited as an Expert Witness to the UK Parliamentary Committee on International Development (December 2010) because of her research work on the CDC Group, the UK’s development finance institution. Sarah is currently completing a book on The Financialisation of Power in Africa, under contract to Routledge.
Professor Philip Woodhouse
Professor Woodhouse is Director of LCSV and Professor of Environment and Development at the Institute for Development Policy and Management at the University of Manchester. He is a Co-Investigator on the Human, non-human and environmental value systems: an impossible frontier? at LCSV. After training as an agricultural scientist at Oxford (BA) and Reading (PhD), Philip Woodhouse worked in Mozambique for eight years for the National Agronomy Research Institute and the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations. Since returning to the UK he has been based first at the Open University and subsequently at Manchester. He has undertaken research in a number of countries in Francophone West Africa, southern Africa, and East Africa. He has also collaborated on research in Brazil. Philip Woodhouse was Head of the Institute for Development Policy and Management from 2003 to 2006, and in 2007-8 he served as a member of the Development Studies sub-panel of the RAE 2008 (Research Assessment Exercise) for the Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE).
Professor Sian Sullivan
Sian Sullivan is Professor of Environment and Culture at Bath Spa University, where she recently moved from the School of Geography, Environment and Development at Birkbeck, University of London. Sian is a Co-Investigator on the Human, non-human and environmental value systems: an impossible frontier? project at LCSV. Her first degree was in Anthropology and Geography (1993), and her PhD was in Anthropology (1998), both completed at University College London. Prior to attending university, Sian lived on a protected area in Swaziland, Southern Africa. Here, she learned first-hand of the tensions that can arise between establishing landscapes as protected areas for biodiversity conservation, and the cultural landscapes and livelihoods of local people. Her academic research started as an undergraduate student through ethnoecology projects in Zambia (1991) and Namibia (1992), from which work was published in the journal Economic Botany. This interest in indigenous cultural knowledge of landscapes was fostered through doctoral research with KhoeSān peoples in north-west Namibia. Witnessing the establishment of new neoliberal approaches to conservation known as Community-Based Natural Resources Management (CBNRM), in a context of concern regarding the degradation effects of local resource-use practices, led to interests in both ‘neoliberal conservation’ – whereby markets are seen as the best way to resolve contradictions between livelihoods and conservation, and social movements – whereby affected peoples contest hegemonic neoliberal discourses, institutional structures and associated subjectivities. Currently Sian is researching the ways in which financial terms, categories and assumptions are determining how it is possible to know nonhuman nature – through concepts such as ‘ecosystem services’ and ‘natural capital’, and through institutional structures that seek to ‘financialise nature’ so as to engender green economic growth. In 2012 she contributed to policy debates in this area through writing reports on biodiversity offsets in the UK (for the green policy think tank, the Green House) and on the financialisation of biodiversity conservation (for the Third World Network). Theoretically, her work is inspired by the writings of Michel Foucault, Gille Deleuze, Félix Guattari, Hélène Cixous, Pierre Clastres and Karl Marx, but amongst her most provocative teachers have been the Damara / ≠Nū Khoen people from whom she learns in Namibia.
Dr Aurora Fredriksen
Aurora’s research is concerned with the interplay of material, expert and ethical practices in spaces of crisis. She has variously considered these relationships in the empirical contexts of humanitarian disasters, international development aid, and the dramatic contemporary decline in the abundance of non-human animals.
Following completion of her PhD in Sociology at Columbia University in New York (2012), Aurora was a Research Associate at LCVS from January 2013 to June 2016 where she conducted research on the top-down work of valuation in the international development sector, with particular attention to the ways in which the ‘value for money’ of development aid has been calculated in practice by the UK Department for International Development.
In July 2016 Aurora joined Geography at the University of Manchester as a Simon Research Fellow. She is currently researching the tensions between tidal energy development and coastal and marine conservation in the UK.
Dr Elisa Greco
Elisa completed her PhD in Africa Studies at the University of Naples Orientale in 2010. Before joining LCSV as a post-doctoral Research Associate at the University of Manchester in February 2013, she taught Rural Development at the School of Politics and International Relations (POLIS), University of Leeds. Her approach to the study of value is informed by a historical materialist understanding, focusing on the dialectics between use value and exchange value in land and water in Africa today; and on the extraction of surplus value from African agriculture, especially in highly financialised contexts.
She is interested in processes of agrarian change from a world – historical perspective. Her research looks at the class dimension of the global land grab, to reinsert landed property in the dyad capital – labour, in the study of agrarian change and beyond. Her past research has analysed the process of class formation in the Tanzanian countryside, by looking at the politics of land and at struggles on privatised, ex-parastatal estates. She has published on resistance against land dispossession in Africa.
Professor James Igoe
James Igoe is an Associate Professor of Anthropology at the University of Virginia in the United States. He holds a PhD in Anthropology from Boston University (2000). He has conducted field research on biodiversity conservation, community-based development, and grassroots social movements in Tanzania, Pine Ridge, South Dakota, and New Orleans, Louisiana. His earlier work focused on conflicts between nature conservation and indigenous and local communities in diverse contexts. His more recent work concerns the ways in which spectacles of nature connect and disconnect peoples’ experiences of their place in the world at diverse and interconnected scales and locales. He is also involved with experimental collaborations dedicated to integrating theory building, applied practice, and public scholarship. His research and teaching specialties include globalization, biodiversity conservation, development, nature, value(s), spectacle, social movements, East Africa, and North America.
Professor Patrick Bond
Patrick Bond is a political economist now based at the University of the Witwatersrand School of Governance. He is also honorary professor at the University of KawZulu-Natal in South Africa where he directed the Centre for Civil Society from 2004-16. His research addresses economic justice, geopolitics (especially the BRICS), climate, energy, water and social mobilisation. Recent authored and edited books include BRICS (2015), South Africa – Present as History (2014), Elite Transition (3rd edn, 2014) and Politics of Climate Justice (2012).
In service to the new South African government, Patrick authored/edited more than a dozen policy papers from 1994-2002, including the Reconstruction and Development Programme and the RDP White Paper, and he taught at the Wits School of Governance from 1997-2004. He worked at Johannesburg NGOs during the early and mid-1990s, and at several social justice agencies in Washington and Philadelphia during the 1980s. He was educated at Swarthmore College’s Department of Economics, the Wharton School of Finance at the University of Pennsylvania and the Johns Hopkins University Department of Geography and Environmental Engineering where he received his PhD in 1993 under the supervision of David Harvey. Patrick was born in Belfast, Northern Ireland in 1961, and is father to a son and daughter
Jonas Amtoft Bruun
Jonas’ thesis is on climate finance and environmental governance, focusing on the UN Green Climate Fund (GCF). His research is concentrated around the rise of new markets in previously ‘un-marketized’ policy-areas and sets out to understand how valuation technologies are designed in order to understand the deficiencies and possibilities of value and financialization in political, climatic and environmental terms. Jonas uses post-modernism and actor network theory to analyze how climate finance and environmental governance is produced in terms of setting up a framework for the Green Climate Fund, involving multiple actors and stakeholders.
Jonas joins the centre with an academic background in political science and EU studies from Roskilde University, Copenhagen University and University of Utrecht. His former work experience includes Research assistant to Assistant Professor of Environmental Studies: Michael K. Dorsey and the post- doctoral staff attached to the Climate Justice Research Project, Research analyst at Denmark’s Environmental and Climate Think-tank: CONCITO and Barack Obama’s re-election campaign in 2012.
Louise Carver is a doctoral researcher with the LCSV based in the Department of Geography, Environment and Development studies, at Birkbeck College, University of London.
Louise’s research concerns the valuation processes involved in biodiversity offsetting, an emergent approach towards conservation with empirical research based on Defra’s pilot study (2012-2014) into the feasibility of biodiversity offsetting in England.
Her interests lie in the ways in which new value is being crafted from nature and ecosystems through a range of discursive, calculative and institutional techniques. She questions the opportunities and challenges associated with the production of this new economic value for conservation and contextualises these enquiries within a broader political ecology critique of environmental markets and the relationship between business and environmental governance.
Louise uses a range of disciplinary approaches exploring STS perspectives on value and valuation, environmental anthropology and the sociology of economics, to explore this fast paced and lively policy field of biodiversity offsetting in England.
Louise’s professional history involves working in research and communications for a UK based advocacy NGO Population and Sustainability Network, researching the relationships between global demographic change, climate change and biodiversity loss, publishing in and contributing to The WHO Bulletin, and the Lancet Commission Series; Managing the Health Effects of Climate Change. This led Louise to an interest in pursuing broader questions around political economy and to a Science and Technology Studies Masters at Sussex where she published a term paper in the Consilience Journal for Sustainable Development. Louise has operated a small business since 2009 and organises NATURES, a travelling music and arts festival venue that hosts speakers and panel discussions around social science perspectives on society’s relationship with science, technology and mainstream views on sustainability.
Louise’s holds an MA in Science, Society and Development from the Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, and BSc Anthropology, University College London.
Fortunate Machingura is a Zimbabwean currently pursuing her PhD studies at the Leverhulme Centre for the Study of Value within the Institute of Development Policy and Management at the University of Manchester. Her research interests lie in the politics of decision making in development thinking, particularly in public health. Currently she is questioning how valuation of human life through the neoliberal economisation of health care can confer an allowable death on people living with HIVAIDS in Sub Saharan Africa. Her theoretical interests are founded on selected works of Foucauldian Biopolitics; Thanatopolitics and Mbembe’s Necropolitics. In addition to her PhD research, Fortunate holds an internship at the Review of the African Political Economy.
Fortunate has worked with the Ministry of Health and Child Welfare in Zimbabwe in the National Health Information and Surveillance Unit (ZimHISP project) as the Senior Technical Specialist for Research and Gender. Before this, Fortunate worked in several East and Southern African Countries within EQUINET based at the Training and Research Support Centre (TARSC) in Zimbabwe working on Health literacy, participation, research and social empowerment in health. At TARSC, Fortunate led a global participatory research programme on community systems for HIV treatment in Botswana, Namibia, Malawi, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and Tanzania. In this project she worked with academic institutions in the global north and in the global south. She sits in several regional and national boards/ committees and continues to participate as an activist in the People’s Health Movement (PHM) and in the Treatment Action Campaign (TAC). Fortunate has been involved in PHM since 2006 and participated in the IPHU course held in Dakar, Senegal. She has facilitated the online IPHU courses since 2012. She now sits in the PHM Africa region steering committee and continues to actively participate in PHM activities in Zimbabwe.
Rebecca Peters is a water academic, advocate, and activist. Her research focuses on the ways water law and governance structures intersect with socio-economic dynamics in peri-urban spaces. She graduated from the University of California, Berkeley in May 2014 as the University Medalist with degrees in Society and Environment (B.Sc.) and Development Economics (B.A.), and a minor in Global Poverty. Her post-graduate study as a Marshall Scholar included an M.Sc. in Poverty and Development Economics at the University of Manchester and an M.Sc. in Water Science and Governance at King’s College London. She will begin a DPhil in the Department of Geography at Oxford in October 2017 and is currently a research fellow based at the Asian International Rivers Centre in Kunming, China.
As a Truman and Udall Scholar, Rebecca engages in community education and activism including by facilitating an undergraduate course on water and human rights, serving as President of the Berkeley Water Group, and co-writing a pamphlet on nitrate contaminated water with California Rural Legal Assistance (CRLA). She is active in water and community leadership, serving on the Executive of the Global Scholars Symposium, as a leader in the Water Youth Network, and as the founding Director of the Centre for Water Law and Security. In the future, she aims to raise the profile of neglected issues at the intersection of water security, poverty, and the environment.
Robert Watt is a Leverhulme Centre doctoral researcher studying the international carbon offset market at the Institute for Development Policy and Management at the University of Manchester. Robert’s research looks at the cultural understandings of morality that operate in carbon market discourses and institutional practices. Through his PhD, Robert wants to understand how the ‘lay normativity’ of carbon offsetting creates powerful valuations of the social and natural world. More details on Robert’s current research, including recent publications, can be found on his website, Carbon Market Morals.
Robert’s previous education includes an MSc in Climate Change and Development from the University of Sussex and an M.A. in Philosophy and Politics from the University of Glasgow. Robert is currently interested in the links between moral and political philosophy and global environmental politics, especially regarding international climate change policy mechanisms. Before joining the Leverhulme Centre Robert was a Research Assistant at the Institute of Development Studies working on questions of low carbon and climate resilient development.